Chances are you have heard of gum disease, but do you know if you suffer from it? Some people are predisposed to the condition, even if they brush and floss daily and regularly visit the dentist. Check out this list of symptoms to determine if you may need gum disease treatment.
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and occurs when plaque and tartar remain on the teeth for long periods of time. As the bacteria settles, it causes inflammation of the gums. This inflammation is known as gingivitis. If you have gingivitis, you may notice that your gums are red and swollen. Some people also experience bleeding when brushing their teeth. This type of gum disease is mild and relatively easy to reverse with daily brushing and flossing and regular visits to the dentist.
If you leave gingivitis untreated, it becomes a more serious form of gum disease known as periodontitis. If you have periodontitis, the plaque has spread from the teeth and reached below your gum line. The bacteria then cause infections that can begin to break down your jaw bone and cause teeth to become loose. If periodontitis is left untreated, the teeth may need to be removed.
Gum disease treatment depends on how advanced your case is. If the periodontitis case is mild and in its early stages, we use scaling and root therapy to reduce pocket depths. Other treatment options include osseous surgery and gum grafting, restoring the gum line while also reducing pocket depths. Bone grafting may also be necessary, depending on the seriousness of the gum disease. Once treated, we help you create a periodontal care plan to prevent further damage.
Gum disease is a serious issue, but it is not one that you need to face alone. If you would like to learn more about your gum disease treatment options and schedule an appointment, contact dentist Dr. Moore in Johnson City, TN today.