Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease can affect more than just your oral health, but may also have implications on the health of your entire body. Those with diabetes in Brevard, NC and Hendersonville, NC who have a hard time keeping it under control may be at an increased risk for serious complications from gum disease.
The gums hold the teeth in place, and periodontal disease is an infection of the bone and the gums that hold your teeth in place. When gum disease is out of control, the long-term effects can be devastating both to the mouth and the rest of the body. For those with diabetes, the best protection against periodontal gum disease is keeping diabetes under control.
Changes in Blood Vessels and Increased Bacteria
In diabetics, thickening blood vessels are often a problem. As blood vessels are tasked with providing nourishment and oxygen to the tissues in the body, it is harder to remove harmful waste and provide the nutrients needed as the blood vessels thicken. This makes it harder for the bone and gum tissue to fight off infection.
Bacteria often thrives on glucose, which is the sugar that is most often linked to diabetes. If diabetes is out of control, the mouth’s glucose levels increase and allow germs to grow. This creates a perfect environment for gum disease to start and progress over time. When individuals control their blood sugars, this risk decreases.
Diabetics and Smoking
Smoking is proven to lead to cancer and heart disease, but those with diabetes who also smoke can have serious complications related to gum diseases. These individuals over the age of 45 are 20 times more likely to develop periodontitis or severe gum disease.
Controlling diabetes can decrease the chances of developing gum disease, and controlling gum disease can decrease the complications that come from diabetes. The cycle continues if the body and the mouth are not both healthy. If you are concerned about how diabetes and overall oral health are connected, contact your dentists in Brevard, NC at Water Oak Dental at (828) 233-5767 for a consultation. Restore your smile and your health!