February 11, 2019

Ultimately, gum disease develops when you do not take good care of your teeth and gums. It forms when you fail to brush your teeth, maintain a poor diet or smoke. People with diabetes or who have a family history of gingivitis face an increased risk of developing the disease. However, this condition is not just one thing. If you do not allow our experts at Nova Perio Specialists – Periodontics and Dental Implants to treat it promptly, then you will gradually progress through all the stages.

gum disease stages


Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. It occurs as a result of the gum tissue becoming inflamed from plaque buildup. Some of the most common symptoms of gingivitis include swollen gums, bad breath and bleeding when flossing. The damage at this point can be reversed, and it would be prudent for patients to get the treatment they need from a professional.


When a person fails to treat gingivitis, it turns into periodontitis. At this point, the fibers and bone tissue holding the teeth in place become damaged beyond repair. Additionally, pockets begin to form beneath the gumline. This can trap plaque and food particles, exacerbating the damage already there. Flossing and brushing better can help to an extent, but you will need treatment from our periodontist to circumvent further damage.

Advanced Periodontitis

When a person continues to delay treatment, he or she gets advanced periodontitis. This is the last stage of gum disease. The fibers and bone supporting the teeth are now permanently destroyed. As a result, teeth will loosen and shift out of position. Teeth can fall out at this point.

Avoid All This With Our Help

Dr. Jean-Claude Kharmouche has helped numerous people throughout Virginia retain their smiles through various treatments. When you notice your gums receding or turning red, there is no time to waste. Call us immediately when you start noticing the symptoms of gingivitis.



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