June 14, 2018

Gum disease is also known as gingivitis or periodontitis and can range in severity depending on the patient. The condition begins when bacteria has a prime environment to grow in the mouth and is never removed or treated. Over time, the gums are eaten away and are no longer able to hold the teeth in place. To keep your mouth healthy in the summer, we want to help you understand more about the disease and its treatment.

Common Symptoms and Causes of Gum Disease

Every patient is unique and different, but most deal with several of the most common symptoms of gum disease, which include:

  • Bleeding or tender gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Swollen or red gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Teeth that appear longer
  • Receding gums

Gum disease can be caused by a variety of things, and some are more susceptible than others. Some common causes of this condition include:

  • Hormonal changes, particularly in young girls or women
  • Medications
  • Genetics
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking

The condition can also develop in those who simply don’t brush and floss as often as they should.

Types of Gum Disease

In the beginning phase, gum disease is known as gingivitis. This is when the gums bleed easily and are often red and swollen. With daily flossing and brushing and a regular cleaning by a professional, gingivitis can easily be reversed.

The second phase of gum disease is periodontitis. In this phase, the gums pull completely away from the teeth and create pockets which harbor infection. Over time, the gums, bones and tissue are destroyed by bacteria and the teeth may have to be removed.

Learn More About Treatment

At Shoreline Periodontics & Dental Implants in New London, CT we are passionate about the overall health of your mouth. Dr. Gregory Toback is a periodontist who offers gum disease treatment for those who are just noticing problems or those in the more severe stages of the condition. Contact us today to schedule an appointment to learn more.



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